The Recent Trend in Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain

REVIEW ARTICLE

Shinichi Kikuchi

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University, Japan

Abstract:

Introduction: Development of evidence-based medicine has made a big change in diagnosis and treatment of chronic low back pain. The recent trend is assessed through a review of literature. Methods: The articles published in these 10 years are reviewed, and important points are examined. Results: In diagnosis, challenges for history taking and limit of imaging or clinical guidelines are revealed. In treatment, cognitive behavioral treatment and exercises are proved effective. Sleep disturbance has recently attracted attention as a factor associated with low back pain. Cost-effectiveness of diagnosis and treatment modalities has come to be emphasized. Conclusions: Diagnosis and treatment of chronic low back pain have been significantly changing. Multidisciplinary and multidimensional approach is essential. Chronic low back pain should be treated as a total pain, not a local pain.

Released: January 27, 2017; doi: dx.doi.org/10.22603/ssrr.1.2016-0022