Surgical treatment for suicidal jumper’s fracture (unstable sacral fracture) with thoracolumbar burst fracture: a report of three cases

CASE REPORT

Shotaro Fujino1), Masayuki Miyagi1), Shuichiro Tajima1), Takayuki Imura1), Ryo Tazawa1), Gen Inoue1), Toshiyuki Nakazawa1), Wataru Saito1), Eiki Shirasawa1), Hiroaki Minehara1), Terumasa Matsuura1), Tadashi Kawamura1), Kentaro Uchida1), Naonobu Takahira1)2), Masashi Takaso1)

1) Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Japan
2) Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Rehabilitation, Kitasato University School of Allied Health Sciences, Japan

Abstract:

Introduction: Suicidal jumper's fracture (unstable sacral fracture) is characterized not only by multiple fractures including thoracolumbar fractures, but also major chest and abdominal injuries. Early stabilization of these fractures and early ambulation are required for the treatment and management of chest and abdominal injuries. We present 3 cases of suicidal jumper's fracture with thoracolumbar burst fracture, treated with minimally invasive posterior fixation surgery, which is a combination of percutaneous pedicle screws (PPS) and the mini-open Galveston technique.
Case reports: Case 1. A 50-year-old woman was injured by a fall from the 5th floor of a building as the result of a suicide attempt. Computed tomography revealed an H-shaped unstable sacral fracture and thoracolumbar fractures with major chest and abdominal injuries. For early stabilization of spinopelvic instability and early ambulation, we treated the patient with PPS and the mini-open Galveston technique. Her early postoperative emergence from bedrest contributed to the improvement of her general condition. One year after surgery at the final follow-up, she was able to walk with a T-cane without any motor, bladder, or bowel dysfunction (BBD) and achieved almost complete healing of the fractures. Cases 2 and 3. A 25-year-old woman (Case 2) and a 43-year-old woman were injured in falls. They had multiple injuries including unstable sacral fractures, and thoracolumbar fractures with major chest and abdominal injuries. We treated these patients with PPS and the mini-open Galveston technique. One year after surgery, they were able to walk with a T-cane and achieved almost complete healing of thoracolumbar fractures, but delayed healing of an unstable sacral fracture in Case 2, and remaining BBD in Case 3.
Conclusion: PPS and the mini-open Galveston technique is a good approach to fixation because they are minimally invasive and provide moderately rigid fixation, especially in patients with multiple trauma whose general condition is poor.

Released: April 27, 2017; doi: dx.doi.org/10.22603/ssrr.1.2016-0026