Predictors of conservative treatment for pyogenic spondylitis

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Fumitaka Kugimiya1), Shigeyuki Muraki2), Daisuke Nagakura1), Hidemasa Umekoji1), Hiromi Oda1), Keisuke Takahashi1)

1) Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan
2) Department of Joint Disease Research, 22 Century Medical and Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract:

Introduction: Although initial treatments for pyogenic spondylitis include conservative approaches such as rest and antibiotics, some cases are refractory to conservative therapy. The objective of this study was to clarify the predictors for achievement of C-reactive protein (CRP) normalization in pyogenic spondylitis by conservative therapy.
Methods: In the present study, we enrolled 83 patients (51 men and 32 women) with conservatively treated pyogenic spondylitis from 2006 to 2015. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association of achievement of CRP normalization with the number of infected vertebrae, bacterial strain, blood data, and the expansion of abscess to the epidural space by using functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Results: We found significant differences in the subjects with and without achievement of CRP normalization with respect to age, the number of affected vertebrae, ratio of resistant pathogenic bacteria, ratio of expansion of abscess to the epidural space, and blood data such as Hb, ALB, eGFR, Cr, and ALP levels.
After adjustment for age and sex, the number of infected vertebral bodies, resistant bacteria, expansion of abscess to the epidural space, and Hb level showed significant associations with the normalization of CRP. In addition, we used multiple logistic regression analysis with age, sex, number of infected vertebral bodies, resistant bacteria, expansion of abscess to the epidural space, and serum Hb level as explanatory variables. We found that expansion of the abscess to the epidural and paravertebral spaces was significantly associated with the normalization of CRP level.
Conclusions: The number of infected vertebral bodies, resistant strains of pathogenic bacteria, expansion of abscess to the epidural and paravertebral spaces, and serum Hb level predicts the prognosis of patients with pyogenic spondylitis. Particularly, expansion of abscess to the epidural and paravertebral spaces was strongly associated with the achievement of CRP normalization.

Released: July 27, 2017; doi: dx.doi.org/10.22603/ssrr.1.2017-0009